Royal Proclamation, 1763

Original Post: The Royal Proclamation of 1763

 

The Royal Proclamation was issued by King George III after Great Britain acquired all of what was originally considered French territory in North America. The Royal Proclamation forbid all settlers from passing the Appalachian Mountains. The purpose of the proclamation was to organize the colonies and to stabilize relations with the Aboriginals. This was shortly after the Seven Years War. During the Seven Years War the Aboriginals help to fight with both the English and the French. However, the majority of Aboriginal tribes preferred the French because the French only colonized in small numbers and were primarily fur traders. However, the British were planning on colonizing in large numbers claiming a lot of land as their own. The people who lost the most when the British won the Seven Years War were the Aboriginals because the British now had the power to take and control their land. The Aboriginals were not very happy about this. The hope was that in signing the Royal Proclamation there would be peace between the British and the Aboriginals.

 

Ethical Judgement and Perspective: 

Whether actions and decisions were fair or unjust, or should or should not have been taken. Ethical judgments are about the effects of actions or decisions on people.

The purpose of TRP from British

  • Re-assert control of the development of the 13 American colonies
  • Control the expansion of these colonies to the West
  • Intended to calm and reassure the Aboriginal population (their ally French had defeated by British)
  • Beginnings of an ‘Indian Uprising’
  • Those lands not already occupied by the 13 American colonies were ‘Indian Territory’. (First time)
  • The French version had no legal value

The decisions fair or unjust?

To 4 parties: Aboriginals, America-British, British, French.

Aboriginals

The Royal Proclamation claimed that no one can negotiate with indigenous people about land’s problem only the King of Britain can negotiate with them. No speculators and settlers can pass the line and take their land.

This clause is the first time claimed the aboriginals right (seems like that), the ‘Indian Territory’. Actually the British just want to temporarily leave territories they could not control to the indigenous people. So basically, this proclamation seems brought a short peace to aboriginals but actually lots of French were discontented, some people started to against.

 

America-British

This decision seems really unjust to the America-British. British Stop Americans settling the new land as their colony  but the they put the war expense from Seven year’s war to the Americans. The war expense is a huge number, that caused a very big beat to the Americans. This Proclamation said Americans cannot settle the Quebec area, this area include the Ohio region, stop Americans go west, also if they enter those areas, they will need to follow the French civil law. Those rules enrage the Americans. So this decision was really unfaired to the Americans.

 

British

The British promulgate the Royal Proclamation was intended to subside the mood of those French-Canadians. However they forget to give a consideration to their American colonies. That’s a big wrong decision. This decision had a big influenced on the Americans Independent war, and sadly this independence succeed. Finally, the British lost a colony with big income and resources and got a colony with a bunch of French and an uncertain situation. This proclamation was aimed at a biggest interest but the result is gain or lost I believe only those British can judge this.

 

French

This proclamation provide a quite good living situation after the Seven Year’s War. Not take their land, not take their money, not add new civil law, not force to speak English, not destroy their culture. From a third perspective this is a very good  condition to the P.O.W. that in the land which been occupied by British. However those liberal French didn’t accept the dole from British. After some time, they decided to against the govern by Britain. This proclamation from our perspective may be is humanistic yet they try to use this moderate way to control this area, but to the French this way may be is not so acceptable, some emotion we can’t feel because we are not party(privy C?).

 

Continuity and Change:

The Royal Proclamation helped change Canada for the better because it…

  • Established colonial governments in the provinces of Quebec, East Florida, West Florida, and Grenada.
  • States important Aboriginal rights such as that Aboriginal title has existed and will continue to exist.
  • Also states the fact that all land is Aboriginal land until ceded by treaty.

For each aspect of life, how have things stayed the same? How have they changed?

  • When the Royal Proclamation was created life of Aboriginal peoples changed for the better because of the rights that they were granted. Since the Royal Proclamation, not a lot has changed. These people still have the rights that they were given when the Royal Proclamation was originally created, which were the fact that the Aboriginal title would continue to exist and that all land is Aboriginal land until ceded by treaty.

Were the continuities and changes positive or negative?

  • The Royal Proclamation was, and still is, a very positive change for Aboriginal peoples because of the fact that they were given rights that they felt they deserved and needed for the survival and memory of their cultures.

Did any of the changes mark turning points in the course of history?

  • Yes, the Royal Proclamation did mark a huge turning point in the course of history because it showed, and still does show that Canadians care about the Aboriginals and their culture and believe that they deserve to have certain rights for their beliefs and culture, as we have.

 

Evidence:

Primary Source-

Secondary Sources-

Can we trust the source?

  • Yes we can trust the primary source because it is the actual Royal Proclamation.
  • Yes we can trust the secondary sources because they have many sources they used to find their information shown in the bibliographies/footnotes of the websites.

Do the sources provide evidence that is relevant? Help our argument?

  • Yes this evidence is relevant and it does help our argument because it clearly states many true facts about the Royal Proclamation and how it came to be.

Does the evidence support interpretation offered?

  • Yes the evidence does support the interpretation offered because it is about the Royal Proclamation.

 

Cause and Consequence:

There are two aspects of this, first, how it affects the relationship between the colonies and the Aboriginal people, and second, is how did this affect the relations between the colonies and Great Britain.

The Royal Proclamation did its job to ensure peace between the Aboriginals and the settlers while it was followed.

As far as the effect on settlers goes, different sources online will tell you different information about whether or not this affected how the colonies thoughts of Britain, some will say that this was a contributing factor to why the colonies decided to separate from Great Britain. However, other sources will say that this had no effect on the decision. I personally think that there were more significant reasons for the colonies to want to separate, however the Royal Proclamation was just one more reason that may have influenced some people to want to separate. Because the Royal Proclamation restricted outward expansion there became a shortage of virgin land to farm and this could upset some people who were coming to America and looking for land to start their homesteads.

 

Significance:

As you can see the Royal Proclamation greatly affected both the Aboriginals as well as the colonialists. It did its job to keep the peace but was eventually overthrown by the drive for land by the British colonists.

Was it significant then?

  • Yes without the Royal Proclamation there would have been tension between the colonists and the Aboriginals which could have lead to more war. Also, with the Royal Proclamation there was peace between the colonies and the Aboriginals.

Is it significant now?

  • Yes, the Royal Proclamation helped keep peace between the Aboriginals and the Americans. This lead to wealth in the colonies as well as infrastructure and an increase in population. Without this america could be a whole different place today.

How has it affected us?

  • The Royal Proclamation gave a period of peace between the Aboriginals and the colonies. In this time, there was an increase of population, infrastructure and wealth vital for the Americans to defeat the British as well as expand into the interior of America. Without this America could still even be under British rule.

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